• 9 days ago

    Healthcare Innovations

    The Impact of Genetic Testing
    Genetic testing has made an impressive impact on healthcare systems over the years. Genetic information is found within the cells of the body and consists of strands of DNA, which are used to perform analysis. Genetic changes can affect a person’s health; along with lifestyle and environmental factors; which is why genetic testing is used to make predictions about future health conditions. New innovations like CRISPR has made an impact on existing healthcare systems by treating and detecting diseases. It uses genetic testing, which allows researchers to figure out what causes a disease, how it can be treated, and who is more likely to develop a certain disease.
    What is Genetic Testing?
    Genetics is the science of how everyone receives traits from their parents (such as eye color, hair color, height, etc.). According to the American Cancer Society (2019), “Genetic testing is the use of medical test to look for certain mutations in a person’s genes” (What Is Genetic Testing, para.1). Just as a person’s genes affect their appearance, it affects their chance of disease. The NCBI website (2019) states, “If a condition is very common among family members, it could be a sign of a genetic predisposition. Genetic testing may be done in such cases. It can be used to determine which form of genes someone has and may share with their relatives” (Are You More Likely to Develop A Certain Disease, para. 1).
    The Impact of New Innovations
    Researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center discovered a break-through in gene-editing technology and possible disease treatment. CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) is a new innovation used to deliver electric shock or viral vectors to edit DNA. Cancer patients have been treated by using CRISPR, as well as patients with sarcoma and multiple myeloma. Carfango (2019) states, “New medical technologies and innovations have greatly enhanced how scientists are able to work with genetics. Gene therapy treatments, analysis of fully sequenced genomes, and simplified genetic tests are just a few examples of how researchers are leveraging new capabilities to improve genetic healthcare (Intro, para.1).

    Due to evolving patient needs, medical scientists continue to develop new innovations that contribute greatly to the health and well-being of the patient. Innovations, like CRISPR, were developed to treat and control disease, allowing medical scientists to treat patients with cancer and other diseases. Genetic testing was developed to stop the spread of disease. So much can be accomplished with genetic testing. Although lifestyle and environmental factors affect health, this technique can allow us to treat and prevent illness and disease before a child even leaves the womb.

    American Cancer Society, (2019). Understanding genetic cancer: Genetics, gene mutation, and cancer risks. Retrieved from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/genetics/understanding-genetic-testing-for-cancer.html
    Carfango, J. (2019 May). Top 5 innovations in gene therapy. Retrieved from https://www.docwirenews.com/docwire-pick/top-5-innovations-in-genetic-technologies/
    NCBI Bookshelf. (2016 Mar). What does genetic testing involve? Retrieved from https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK367582/?report=printable